Saturday 17 April 2010

US (S&P 500) stock market including the cyclically adjusted price earnings ratio (PE10 or CAPE) – April 2010 Update

To try and squeeze some more performance out of a retirement investing strategy that is heavily focused on buy & hold and asset allocation I am using a Cyclically Adjusted Price / Average 10 Year Earnings (PE10 or CAPE) ratio for the S&P 500 to value the US (specifically the S&P 500) stock market. The method used is that developed by Yale Professor Robert Shiller however I also incorporate earnings estimates up to the PE10 month of interest. Background information here.

Chart 1 plots the Shiller PE10. Key points this month are:

Shiller PE10 = 21.7 which is up from 20.9 last month. My UK Equities target asset allocation therefore decreases from 18.1% to 17.7% (nominal based on buy & hold would be 21%). Additionally my International Equities target asset allocation decreases from 13.0% to 12.6% (nominal based on buy & hold would be 15%).

Shiller PE10 Average (1881 to Present) = 16.4. This means we are currently 32% higher than the long run average since 1881.

Shiller PE10 20 Percentile (1881 to Present) = 11.0

Shiller PE10 80 Percentile (1881 to Present) = 20.6. The Shiller PE10 continues to rise above the 80 Percentile.

Shiller PE10 Correlation with Real (ie after inflation) S&P 500 Price = 0.78

Chart 2 further reinforces why I am using this method. While the R^2 is low there appears to be a trend suggesting that the return in the following year is dependent on the Shiller PE10 value. Using the trend line with a PE10 of 21.7 results in a 1 year expected real (after inflation) earnings projection of 4.0%.

Chart 3 plots Real (after inflation) Earnings and Real Dividends for the S&P 500. Real Dividends continue their falls and are now below their long term exponential trendline. Real Earnings have a roller coaster ride continually, particularly since about 1990. However, if the Standard and Poors forecast earnings are to be believed we continue to be above the long term earnings exponential trend line and still climbing over the coming months.

Assumptions include:
- Prices are month averages except April ‘10 which is the 16 April ’10 S&P 500 stock market close price of 1192.13.
- Q1 and Q2 ’10 reported earnings are estimates from Standard & Poors. Q1 ’10 is estimated at $15.81 and Q2 ’10 is estimated at $15.00.
- Inflation data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics. April ‘10 inflation is extrapolated.
- April ‘10 dividend is estimated as March ‘10 dividend.
- Historic data provided from Professor Shiller website.

As always DYOR.

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